The following seven principles, developed for SPUR's 2013 report Getting to Great Places, distill the most critical ingredients of walkable urban districts. We give examples of "typical," "better" and "best" conditions, paired with illustrative images. All of the case studies described on this site embody these principles, which apply at a variety of scales and densities — from small-town neighborhoods to big-city downtowns.

1. Create fine-grained pedestrian circulation

Graphics developed by Gensler